For a narrated video to explain the basics of automated insulin delivery technology, check out this free video that uses an analogy of scuba diving to help explain to kids or others with less experience of diabetes. It's also available in print or Kindle book forms.

Here are some of the resources discussed throughout the book, and other helpful references:

Documentation for a few different DIY diabetes projects:

Research referenced:

  • Meta-analysis article (Tsapas et. al, BMJ):

  • “Excellent Glycemic Control Maintained by Open-Source Hybrid Closed-Loop AndroidAPS During and After Sustained Physical Activity” (Petruzelkova et al):

  • “Glycemic Control in Individuals with Type 1 Diabetes Using an Open Source Artificial Pancreas System (OpenAPS)” (Melmer et al):

  • “Efficacy, safety, and user experience of DIY or open-source artificial pancreas systems: a systematic review” (Asarani et al):

  • “In Silico Trials of an Open-Source Android-Based Artificial Pancreas: A New Paradigm to Test Safety and Efficacy of Do-It-Yourself Systems” (Toffanin et al):

  • “A real-world study of user characteristics, safety and efficacy of open-source closed-loop systems and Medtronic 670G” (Jeyaventhan et al):

  • “Use of a do-it-yourself artificial pancreas system is associated with better glucose management and higher quality of life among adults with type 1 diabetes” (Wu et al):

  • “CREATE (Community deRivEd AutomaTEd insulin delivery) trial. Randomised parallel arm open label clinical trial comparing automated insulin delivery using a mobile controller (AnyDANA-loop) with an open-source algorithm with sensor augmented pump therapy in type 1 diabetes” (Burnside et al):

  • “Open-Source Automated Insulin Delivery in Type 1 Diabetes” (Burnside et al, New England Journal of Medicine in 2022):

  • “Extended use of an open-source automated insulin delivery system in children and adults with type 1 diabetes: The 24-week continuation phase following the CREATE randomized controlled trial” (Burnside et al, Diabetes Technology and Therapeutics, 2023):

  • “First Use of Open-Source Automated Insulin Delivery AndroidAPS in Full Closed-Loop Scenario: Pancreas4ALL Randomized Pilot Study” (Petruzelkova et al, 2023):

  • “Hybrid Closed Loop Using a Do-It-Yourself Artificial Pancreas System in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes” (Nanayakkara et al, 2023):

  • All the DIY studies mentioned otherwise are linked from

Blogs covering living with APS:

Videos about APS

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